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Montana Hunting

Everything you need to plan your Montana hunting trips, from maps and regulations to season dates, game animals, quotas, and hunting districts. Plus much more! Start your research right here.

State Overview

Known For

Montana is known for its healthy populations of big game animals, tens of millions of acres of public lands, and ample private properties available to hunters through programs like Block Management (BMA). In Montana, hunters can pursue elk, mule deer, whitetail deer, antelope, black bear, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, and moose.

Terrain

Montana has all kinds of terrain, including high alpine mountains, canyons, river valleys, forests, grassy plains, prairies, badlands, and caverns. Its land area covers more than 147,000 square miles, making Montana the fourth largest state in the nation, just behind the size of California.

Montana Hunting Seasons

Filter By:
Season Start Date End Date
Antelope
Antelope – Archery (900 Series)
Aug 15, 2022 Nov 13, 2022
Antelope
Antelope – Archery
Sep 3, 2022 Oct 7, 2022
Antelope
Antelope – General
Oct 8, 2022 Nov 13, 2022
Bear
Bear – Spring
The end date may vary by unit (May 31 – June 15). Check unit-specific regulations for closing dates.
Apr 15, 2022 Jun 15, 2022
Bear
Bear – Fall – Archery
Sep 3, 2022 Sep 14, 2022
Bear
Bear – Fall
Sep 15, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Bison
Bison
These dates represent the “general” season dates. Check the individual hunting district regulations for the most accurate season dates and regulations.
Nov 15, 2022 Feb 15, 2023
Coyote
Coyote – Hunting
No limit. No closed season.
Jan 1, 2022 Dec 31, 2022
Sandhill Crane
Sandhill Crane
Special permits.
Sep 1, 2022 Oct 30, 2022
Sandhill Crane
Sandhill Crane
Over-the-counter. 3 daily and 9 in possession. Persons wishing to hunt Sandhill Cranes in the Central Flyway outside of the special license drawing areas must obtain a free permit available from all statewide Fish, Wildlife & Parks offices and license providers.
Oct 1, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Deer
Deer – Backcountry Archery
Hunting Districts (150, 151, 280) *HD 316 does not have an Archery Only Season
Sep 3, 2022 Sep 14, 2022
Deer
Deer – Archery
Sep 3, 2022 Oct 16, 2022
Deer
Deer – Backcountry General
Hunting Districts (150, 151, 280, 316)
Sep 15, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Deer
Deer – Youth Two-Day Hunt
Oct 20, 2022 Oct 21, 2022
Deer
Deer – General
Oct 22, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Dove
Mourning Dove – Central and Pacific Flyway
15 daily and 45 in possession
Sep 1, 2022 Oct 30, 2022
Duck
Ducks – Pacific Flyway
Standard bag limit. Please note Pacific Flyway exceptions.
Oct 1, 2022 Dec 25, 2022
Duck
Ducks – Central Flyway
Zone 2. Bag limit: The daily bag limit is 6 ducks or mergansers. The daily bag limit may contain no more than 5 mallards of which no more than 2 may be hens, 3 wood ducks, 2 redheads, 2 hooded mergansers, 1 pintail, 2 canvasbacks and 1 scaup. During the first 9 days of the regular duck season in both Zones (Oct 1 – Oct 9), the daily bag may include 2 additional blue-winged teal. The possession limit may not exceed three times the daily bag limit of any species and sex.
Oct 1, 2022 Oct 9, 2022
Duck
Ducks – Central Flyway
Zone 1. Bag limit: The daily bag limit is 6 ducks or mergansers. The daily bag limit may contain no more than 5 mallards of which no more than 2 may be hens, 3 wood ducks, 2 redheads, 2 hooded mergansers, 1 pintail, 2 canvasbacks and 1 scaup. During the first 9 days of the regular duck season in both Zones (Oct 1 – Oct 9), the daily bag may include 2 additional blue-winged teal. The possession limit may not exceed three times the daily bag limit of any species and sex.
Oct 1, 2022 Jan 5, 2023
Duck
Ducks – Central Flyway
Zone 2 Bag limit: The daily bag limit is 6 ducks or mergansers. The daily bag limit may contain no more than 5 mallards of which no more than 2 may be hens, 3 wood ducks, 2 redheads, 2 hooded mergansers, 1 pintail, 2 canvasbacks and 1 scaup. During the first 9 days of the regular duck season in both Zones (Oct 1 – Oct 9), the daily bag may include 2 additional blue-winged teal. The possession limit may not exceed three times the daily bag limit of any species and sex.
Oct 22, 2022 Jan 17, 2023
Duck
Ducks – Pacific Flyway
Standard bag limit excluding scaup. Please note Pacific Flyway exceptions.
Dec 26, 2022 Jan 13, 2023
Elk
Elk – Shoulder Seasons
Dates vary, please check regulations.
Aug 15, 2022 Feb 15, 2023
Elk
Elk – Archery
These dates represent the “general” season dates. Check the individual hunting district regulations for the most accurate season dates and regulations.
Learn More
Sep 3, 2022 Oct 16, 2022
Elk
Elk – Backcountry Archery
Hunting Districts (150, 151, 280) *HD 316 does not have an Archery Only Season
Sep 3, 2022 Sep 14, 2022
Elk
Elk – Backcountry General
Hunting Districts (150, 151, 280, 316)
Sep 15, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Elk
Elk – General
Oct 22, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Goat
Mountain Goat
Some districts vary; check regulations for more information.
Sep 15, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Goose
Goose – Central Flyway (Youth)
Only licensed youth ages 15 and under.
Sep 24, 2022 Sep 25, 2022
Goose
Goose – Pacific Flyway (Youth)
Only licensed youth ages 15 and under
Sep 24, 2022 Sep 25, 2022
Goose
Goose – Central Flyway
Zone 2. Daily limit: 20 white geese (Snow, Blue, Ross’s) and 5 dark geese (all other geese). The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
Oct 1, 2022 Oct 9, 2022
Goose
Goose – Central Flyway
Zone 1. Daily limit: 20 white geese (Snow, Blue, Ross’s) and 5 dark geese (all other geese). The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
Oct 1, 2022 Jan 13, 2023
Goose
Goose – Pacific Flyway
Daily limit: 20 white geese (Snow, Blue, Ross’s) and 5 dark geese (all other geese). The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
Oct 1, 2022 Jan 13, 2023
Goose
Goose – Central Flyway
Zone 2. Daily limit: 20 white geese (Snow, Blue, Ross’s) and 5 dark geese (all other geese). The possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
Oct 22, 2022 Jan 25, 2023
Grouse
Mountain Grouse
Bag Limit: 3 in aggregate daily. Possession limit is four times the daily bag limit.
Sep 1, 2022 Jan 1, 2023
Grouse
Sage Grouse
Bag Limit: 2 daily. Possession limit is two times the daily bag limit.
Sep 1, 2022 Sep 30, 2022
Moose
Moose
These dates represent the “general” season dates. Check the individual hunting district regulations for the most accurate season dates and regulations.
Sep 15, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Mountain Lion
Mountain Lion – Archery without dogs
Sep 3, 2022 Oct 16, 2022
Mountain Lion
Mountain Lion – Fall without dogs
• Resident and nonresident hunters with a General Mountain Lion License, a Limited Special Mountain Lion License OR an Unlimited Special Lion License may harvest any legal lion in any open lion management unit statewide during the fall season without dogs. • Use of dogs is prohibited during the fall season. • The fall mountain lion season will close: -On November 27, 2022, OR -When the harvest reaches a number nearest to 20 percent of the quota. In all areas, the combined archery only and fall season without dogs, male and female mountain lion harvest from all license holders
Oct 22, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Mountain Lion
Mountain Lion – Winter (with hounds)
When a male quota, female quota/subquota, or overall quota is reached in a LMU, the mountain lion season for that subquota or quota in that lion management unit will close upon 24-hours notice, but no later than April 14.
Dec 1, 2022 Apr 14, 2023
Mountain Lion
Mountain Lion – Winter (with hounds)
Hunters need to check harvest closure information frequently, for updated information.
Dec 1, 2022 Apr 14, 2023
Pheasant
Pheasant (Youth)
Legally licensed youth ages 15 and under when accompanied by a nonhunting adult at least 18 years of age. Mentors for Apprentice Hunters must be at least 21 years of age.
Sep 24, 2022 Sep 25, 2022
Pheasant
Pheasant – General
Bag Limit: 3 cock pheasants daily. Possession limit is three times the daily bag limit.
Oct 8, 2022 Jan 1, 2023
Sheep
Sheep – Archery
These dates represent the “general” season dates. Check the individual hunting district regulations for the most accurate season dates and regulations.
Sep 3, 2022 Sep 14, 2022
Sheep
Sheep – General
These dates represent the “general” season dates. Check the individual hunting district regulations for the most accurate season dates and regulations.
Sep 15, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Turkey Game Type
Turkey – Spring
Male Wild Turkey. Shotgun/Archery only.
Apr 15, 2022 May 31, 2022
Turkey Game Type
Turkey – Fall
Either-sex Wild Turkey. Not valid in Region 4.
Sep 1, 2022 Jan 1, 2023
Wolf
Wolf – Archery
Sep 4, 2021 Sep 14, 2021
Wolf
Wolf – General Rifle
Resident and nonresident hunters and trappers may harvest any wolf in any open WMU statewide during the archery only, general and trapping seasons. A person can take up to 20 wolves with no more than 10 via hunting and no more than 10 via trapping (maximum harvest of 20 wolves per person). For hunting, a separate license is required for each wolf. For trapping, only a Trapping License is required.
Sep 15, 2021 Mar 15, 2022
Wolf
Wolf – Trapping
A person can take up to 20 wolves with no more than 10 via hunting and no more than 10 via trapping (maximum harvest of 20 wolves per person). For hunting, a separate license is required for each wolf. For trapping, only a Trapping License is required.
Nov 29, 2021 Mar 15, 2022

Montana Licenses, Permits, and Regulations

Montana hunting licenses, permits, and regulations for resident and non-resident hunters can be purchased on the Montana Fish, Wildlife, & Parks official website. Click below to view the website.

Hunting GPS Maps

Every hunter in Montana should have hunting GPS maps on hand. Montana hunting maps are available from onX Hunt. With a paid membership you can access Satellite, Topo, or Hybrid Basemaps, over which you can view GMU maps, along with BLM, Forest Service, and other public and private property boundaries. You can view trails and roads, and even download maps to the Hunt App for use offline. Click below to get onX Hunt for Montana.

Hunting Districts

Montana is divided into different hunting districts, organized by region. The hunting district boundaries correspond to specific regulations for each game animal and hunting season. A Montana hunter must be aware of the governing quotas and regulations in place for each district, as well as where the boundaries are. Click below to view Montana’s hunting district maps for all major species in more detail through an interactive map.

Hunting Layers

MT Private Lands Preview

MT Private Lands

Over 540,000 parcels mapped by the onX team, this layer helps you know who the property owners are in Montana. Tap any parcel to learn more info about the owner and acreage.

MT Gov Lands Preview

MT Gov Lands

onX has the most accurate public lands maps with over 40,000,000 acres in Montana to help you plan your next adventure. Tap any public land parcel to learn more.

SUBLAYERS (16) Expand Sublayers
MT Hunting Districts Thumbnail

MT Hunting Districts

Antelope, Bighorn Sheep, Bison, Bear, Deer/Elk/Mountain Lion, Fisher, Wolf, Moose, Mountain Goat, Trapping, Turkey, Migratory Bird, Upland Bird, and Swan Hunting Districts.

Includes 16 Sublayers

  • Antelope Hunt District
  • Bighorn Sheep Hunt District
  • Bison Hunt District
  • Black Bear Hunt District
  • Deer / Elk / Lion Hunt District
  • Fisher Mgmt Unit
  • Gray Wolf Hunt District
  • Moose Hunt District
  • Mtn Lion Mgmt Unit
  • Mtn Goat Hunt District
  • Trapping Districts
  • Spring Turkey Hunt District
  • Fall Turkey Hunt District
  • Migratory Bird Hunt District
  • Swan Hunt District
  • Upland Game Bird Hunt District
MT Possible Access Preview

MT Possible Access

onX has mapped 1,100,000 acres of possible access lands in Montana including timber companies and land conservation groups. Research rules on these private lands before recreating.

MT Block Management Preview

MT Block Management

The Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks Block Management. All hunters are expected to know the rules of the program. Please hunt responsibly and have a safe legal hunt.

CWD Surveillance and Monitoring Areas Preview

CWD Surveillance and Monitoring Areas

CWD Surveillance and Monitoring Areas. In these specific areas, hunters are asked to voluntarily submit a sample from their animal.

SUBLAYERS (9) Expand Sublayers
MT Hunting Districts Portions Thumbnail

MT Hunting Districts Portions

Montana Hunting District Portions are a sub unit of the hunting district that has its own given tag or special regulations compared to the corresponding hunting district.

Includes 9 Sublayers

  • Bison Portions
  • Elk Portions
  • Mtn Goat Portions
  • Moose Portions
  • Mule Deer Portions
  • Upland Bird Portions
  • Whitetailed Deer Portions
  • Furbearer Portions
  • Migratory Bird Portions
MT Upland Game Bird Project Preview

MT Upland Game Bird Project

The Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks Upland Bird Game Projects (Open Fields program). All hunters are expected to know the rules of the program.

SUBLAYERS (11) Expand Sublayers
MT Big Game Distribution Thumbnail

MT Big Game Distribution

Montana Various Big Game Winter and General Distributions

Includes 11 Sublayers

  • Whitetail Deer
  • Mule Deer
  • Elk
  • Mountain Lion
  • Ruffed Grouse
  • Spruce Grouse
  • Sharptail Grouse
  • Hungarian Partridge
  • Sage Grouse
  • Dusky Grouse
  • Turkey


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