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Missouri Hunting

Everything you need to plan your hunting trips in Missouri, from maps and regulations to season dates, game animals, quotas, and wildlife management areas. Plus much more! Start your research right here.

Overview

Known For

Missouri is known for whitetail deer and black bear hunting. The state also has hunting seasons for turkey, quail, pheasant, rabbits, squirrels, waterfowl, and other small furbearers. There is a limited area in the state for hunting elk. Missouri is actively managing Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in 38 counties. Hunting deer in CWD Management Zones requires testing your harvest at a sampling station.

Terrain

Missouri is mostly rolling hills, fertile plains, and well-watered prairies. Much of its land is 1,000 to 1,400 feet above sea level. The three distinct geographic regions of the state include the Northern Plains, the Ozark Plateau, and the Mississippi Alluvial Plain. Its land area covers 69,715 square miles, making Missouri the 21st largest state in the nation.

Missouri Hunting Seasons

Filter By:
Season Start Date End Date
Bear
Bear
You are required to call 800-668-4045 to determine the daily season quota/closure status prior to hunting each day.
Oct 17, 2022 Oct 26, 2022
Bobcat
Bobcat – Hunting/Trapping
Bobcat pelts must be registered or tagged. Any limit.
Nov 15, 2022 Feb 28, 2023
Coyote
Coyote – Hunting
No hunting during daylight hours from April 1-19, 2020. No limit
Jan 1, 2022 Dec 31, 2022
Coyote
Coyote – Trapping
No limits. Extended trapping season on private land from March 1 to April 14. Only foot-hold traps, foot-enclosing traps, and cage-type traps may be used.
Nov 15, 2022 Feb 28, 2023
Deer
Deer – Early Archery
Two deer of either sex. Only one antlered deer may be taken before November 14. Hunters may purchase and fill any number of archery antlerless deer hunting permits in open counties.
Sep 15, 2022 Nov 11, 2022
Deer
Deer – Early Youth Firearm
To participate, you must be at least 6 and no older than 15 on the opening day of the early youth portion
Oct 29, 2022 Oct 30, 2022
Deer
Deer – Firearm (November Portion)
An antler-point restriction applies in some counties. If you harvest a deer from certain counties in the CWD Management Zone during the opening weekend, November 16-17, you must take your deer to a designated CWD sampling station.
Nov 12, 2022 Nov 22, 2022
Deer
Deer – Late Archery
Two deer of either sex. Only one antlered deer may be taken before November 14. Hunters may purchase and fill any number of archery antlerless deer hunting permits in open counties.
Nov 23, 2022 Jan 15, 2023
Deer
Deer – Late Youth Firearm
To participate, you must be at least 6 and no older than 15 on the opening day of the early youth portion
Nov 25, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Deer
Deer – Antlerless
Some counties closed to the antlerless firearm season. Please check regulations.
Dec 3, 2022 Dec 11, 2022
Deer
Deer – Alternative Methods
The season limit is one antlered deer for all portions of the firearms deer season. An antler-point restriction applies in some counties.
Dec 24, 2022 Jan 3, 2023
Dove
Dove
Daily limit: 15, Possession limit: 45
Sep 1, 2022 Nov 29, 2022
Duck
Duck – Early Teal
Daily bag limit: 6 You may hunt blue-winged teal, green-winged teal, and cinnamon teal. Northern shoveler, northern pintail, and wood ducks have similarly colored plumage but are illegal to hunt during this season.
Sep 10, 2022 Sep 25, 2022
Duck
Duck – Youth 1
Middle & North Zone.
Oct 22, 2022 Oct 23, 2022
Duck
Duck – North Zone
Regular Season
Oct 29, 2022 Dec 27, 2022
Duck
Duck – Early season (Middle Zone)
First Season
Nov 5, 2022 Nov 13, 2022
Duck
Duck – Late season (Middle Zone)
Second Season
Nov 19, 2022 Jan 8, 2023
Duck
Duck – Youth 2
South Zone.
Nov 19, 2022 Nov 20, 2022
Duck
Duck – Early season (South Zone)
First Season
Nov 24, 2022 Nov 27, 2022
Duck
Duck – Late season (South Zone)
Second Season
Dec 6, 2022 Jan 30, 2023
Elk
Elk – Archery
Those selected to receive a permit may take one (1) elk with at least one (1) antler no less than 6” in length. Antlered Elk Hunting permits can be used during both the archery and firearms portions of the elk hunting season.
Oct 15, 2022 Oct 23, 2022
Elk
Elk – Firearms
Those selected to receive a permit may take one (1) elk with at least one (1) antler no less than 6” in length. Antlered Elk Hunting Permits can be used during both the archery and firearms portions of the elk hunting season.
Dec 10, 2022 Dec 18, 2022
Fox
Fox
No limit
Nov 15, 2022 Jan 31, 2023
Goose
Goose – Early season
Brant and Canadian Geese
Oct 1, 2022 Oct 9, 2022
Goose
Goose – Youth 1
Middle & North Zone.
Oct 22, 2022 Oct 23, 2022
Goose
Goose – Light Geese
Hunting is limited to snow geese, blue geese, and Ross’s geese.
Nov 11, 2022 Feb 6, 2023
Goose
Goose – Late season
Brant, Light, Greater White-fronted, and Canadian Geese
Nov 11, 2022 Feb 6, 2023
Goose
Goose – Youth 2
South Zone.
Nov 19, 2022 Nov 20, 2022
Goose
Goose – Light Goose
Light Goose Conservation order
Feb 7, 2023 Apr 30, 2023
Pheasant
Pheasant (Youth)
Only male pheasants may be taken. Daily limit: 2 male pheasants
Oct 29, 2022 Oct 30, 2022
Pheasant
Pheasant
Only male pheasants may be taken. Daily limit: 2 male pheasants
Nov 1, 2022 Jan 15, 2023
Quail Game Type
Quail (Youth)
Daily limit: 8
Oct 29, 2022 Oct 30, 2022
Quail Game Type
Quail
Daily limit: 8
Nov 1, 2022 Jan 15, 2023
Turkey Game Type
Turkey – Spring (Youth)
Youth hunters eligible are of the age 6-15 on opening day.
Apr 9, 2022 Apr 10, 2022
Turkey Game Type
Turkey – Spring Regular
Two male turkeys or turkeys with a visible beard may be taken during the season, with addition restrictions.
Apr 18, 2022 May 8, 2022
Turkey Game Type
Turkey – Early Fall archery
Sep 15, 2022 Nov 11, 2022
Turkey Game Type
Turkey – Fall Firearm
For specific counties only. See fall deer and turkey hunting regulations.
Oct 1, 2022 Oct 31, 2022
Turkey Game Type
Turkey – Late Fall Archery
Nov 23, 2022 Jan 15, 2023

Missouri Hunting Regulations

Bear

Bear

Shooting Hours

One-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset

Allowed Weapons

Centerfire rifles or handguns using expanding-type bullets such as lead or copper

  • Shotguns with slugs only
  • Air-powered guns, .40 caliber or larger, charged only from an external high-compression power source (external hand pump, air tank, or air compressor)
  • Muzzleloading or cap-and-ball firearms, .40 caliber or larger and capable of firing only a single projectile at one discharge. In-lines and scopes are allowed.
  • Multiple-barreled muzzleloading or cap-and-ball firearms and/or muzzleloading or cap-and-ball handguns, including revolvers, .40 caliber or larger, are allowed and may be carried in addition to a muzzleloading or cap-and-ball rifle.
  • Longbows, compound bows, and recurve bows. Hand-held string-releasing devices, illuminated sights, scopes, and quickpoint sights are allowed.
  • Crossbows

Random Drawing for Bear Hunting Permits

Black bear hunting permits are allocated through a random drawing. You must be a Missouri resident to apply.

  • The application period is May 1–31. Results are available beginning July 1.
  • It costs $10 to apply. This fee is nonrefundable.
  • You must apply for a specific Black Bear Management Zone.
  • You may submit only one application per year. Only one hunter is allowed per application.
  • You cannot transfer (give) your permit to another hunter. Please do not apply if you won’t be able to hunt.
  • To apply, visit mdc.mo.gov/buypermits.

Limit

One black bear of either sex.

Deer

Deer

Hunter-Orange Requirement

You must wear hunter orange if:

  • You are hunting any species of game during firearms deer season. Some exceptions are allowed.
  • You are hunting on an area that is having a managed firearms deer hunt.
  • You are serving as a mentor to another hunter during firearms deer season or while on an area that is having a managed firearms deer hunt.
  • You must wear both a hunter-orange hat and a hunter-orange shirt, vest, or coat. The color must be visible from all sides. Camouflage orange does not satisfy this rule.
  • You don’t have to wear hunter orange if:
  • You are hunting migratory game birds.
  • You are archery hunting within municipal boundaries where the discharge of firearms is prohibited.
  • You are hunting on federal or state land where deer hunting is restricted to archery methods.
  • You are using an archery permit during the alternative methods portion.
  • You are archery or small game hunting in a closed county during the antlerless portion.
  • You are hunting small game or furbearers during the alternative methods portion.

Antlered Deer Hunts

You may take only two antlered deer during the archery and firearms deer hunting seasons combined.

  • Hunters using an archery permit may take only one antlered deer before the November portion of firearms deer hunting season.
  • Only one antlered deer may be taken during firearms deer hunting season (all portions combined).
  • Deer taken at a managed hunt do not count toward your firearms or archery season limits.

Shooting Hours

One-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset

Archery Deer Limit

Using an archer’s hunting permit, two deer of either sex, but only one antlered deer before Nov. 12.

  • You may take only two antlered deer during the archery and firearms deer hunting seasons combined.
  • An antler-point restriction (APR) applies in some counties.
  • Using antlerless permits, any number of antlerless deer in open counties.

November Portion Limit

Only one antlered deer may be taken during the firearms deer season (all portions combined).

  • You may take only two antlered deer during the archery and firearms deer hunting seasons combined.
  • An antler-point restriction (APR) applies in some counties. Hunters who are 15 years or younger on Sept. 15, 2022, are exempt from the APR.
  • Each county has a limit on the number of firearms antlerless deer hunting permits you may fill during firearms deer season (all portions combined).

Antlerless Portion Limit

You may harvest only antlerless deer during this portion of firearms deer season.

  • Some counties are closed to firearms hunting during this portion. The remaining counties have limits on the number of firearms antlerless deer hunting permits you may fill during firearms deer season (all portions combined).

Elk

Elk

Hunter-Orange Requirement

During the firearms portion of the elk hunting season, all persons hunting elk and their companions must wear a cap or hat and a shirt, vest, or coat of the color commonly known as hunter orange, which must be plainly visible from all sides. Camouflage orange garments do not meet this requirement.

Shooting Hours

One-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset

Attention

Elk hunting permits are allocated through a random drawing.

Allowed Weapons

Archery Portion

  • Longbows, compound bows, or recurve bows of any draw weight
  • Crossbows
  • Atlatls
  • Hand-held string releasing devices, illuminated sights, scopes, and quickpoint sights

Firearms Portion

  • Centerfire rifles or handguns using expanding-type bullets such as lead or copper
  • Shotguns (including .410) with slugs only
  • Air-powered guns, .40 caliber or larger, charged only from an external high-compression power source (external hand pump, air tank, or air compressor)
  • Muzzleloading or cap-and-ball firearms, .40 caliber or larger and capable of firing only a single projectile at one discharge. In-lines and scopes are allowed.
  • Multiple-barreled muzzleloading or cap-and-ball firearms and/or muzzleloading or cap-and-ball handguns, including revolvers, .40 caliber or larger, are allowed and may be carried in addition to a muzzleloading or cap-and-ball rifle.
  • Longbows, compound bows, and recurve bows of any draw weight. Hand-held string-releasing devices, illuminated sights, scopes, and quickpoint sights are allowed.
  • Crossbows
  • Atlatls

Limit

One elk with at least one antler no less than 6 inches in length

Migratory Birds

Dove

Shooting Hours

One-half hour before sunrise to sunset

Sora & Virginia Rail – Bag Limit

25 daily (combined total of both species)

Wilson’s (Common) Snipe – Bag Limit

8 daily

American Woodcock – Bag Limit

3 daily

Dove – Bag Limit

Mourning doves, white-winged doves, and Eurasian collared-doves count toward daily and possession limits.

  • The daily bag limit is 15 doves, combined total of all three species.
  • The possession limit is 45 doves, combined total of all three species.

Small Game

Small Game

Rabbit – Bag Limit

Daily bag limit: 6 (only 2 may be swamp rabbits) Possession bag limit: 12 (only 4 may be swamp rabbits)

Pheasant – Bag Limit

  • Only male pheasants may be taken. A foot or fully feathered head must be left attached to pheasants during transportation and storage.
  • Youth Season – Daily bag limit: 2 male pheasants Possession bag limit: 4 male pheasants Open to hunters age 6 through 15. Youth hunters who are not hunter-education certified must hunt in the immediate presence of a properly licensed mentor; however, the mentor may not hunt pheasants.
  • Regular Season – Daily bag limit: 2 male pheasants Possession bag limit: 4 male pheasants

Shooting Hours

Sunrise to sunset

Quail – Bag Limit

Daily bag limit: 8 Possession bag limit: 16

Squirrel – Bag Limits

Daily bag limit: 10 Possession bag limit: 20

Bullfrog and Green Frog – Bag Limits

Daily bag limit: 8 Only the daily limit may be possessed on waters and banks of waters being hunted. Possession bag limit: 16 Methods: .22 or smaller caliber rimfire rifle or pistol, pellet gun, bow, crossbow, atlatl, or by hand or hand net.

Crows – Bag Limits

Daily bag limit: Any number Possession bag limit: Any number

Groundhog – Bag Limits

Daily bag limit: Any number Possession bag limit: Any number Note: Groundhog pelts can be possesed and sold throughout the year.

Turkey

Turkey Game Type

Allowed Weapons

  • Shotguns (including .410) with shot not larger than No. 4
  • Longbows, compound bows, and recurve bows of any draw weight
  • Crossbows
  • Hand-held string-releasing devices
  • Illuminated sights, scopes, and quickpoint sights
  • Atlatls

Limit

Two turkeys of either sex. May be taken on same day

Shooting Hours

One-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset

Waterfowl

Waterfowl

Limits By Species

Six ducks daily with species restrictions of:

  • Four mallards (no more than two hens)
  • Three wood ducks
  • Two black ducks
  • Two canvasbacks
  • Two hooded mergansers
  • Two redheads
  • Two scaup (greater and lesser combined)
  • One mottled duck
  • One pintail

15 coots daily, 20 light geese daily (snow, blue, and Ross’s geese)

Three Canada geese and brant daily (combined total of both species)

Two white-fronted geese daily

Possession limits are three times the daily bag limits for ducks, coots, Canada geese, brant, and white-fronted geese. Light geese have no possession limit.

Light Geese Conservation Order Limit

During the Conservation Order there is no daily bag or possession limit for light geese (snow, blue, and Ross’s geese).

Scaup – Daily Limits

For the first 45 days of the season in each zone, you may include two scaup (both species combined) in your daily limit. For the last 15 days of the season in each zone, you may include only one scaup in your daily limit. Possession limits also follow this pattern.

Shooting Hours

Sunrise to sunset

Non-Toxic Shot

Shot (either in shotshells or as loose shot for muzzleloading) possessed or used while hunting waterfowl must be approved as nontoxic by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. As of June 2022, shot types approved as being nontoxic are:

  • Bismuth-tin
  • Copper-clad iron
  • Corrosion-inhibited copper
  • Iron (steel)
  • Iron-tungsten
  • Iron-tungsten-nickel
  • Tungsten-bronze (two types)
  • Tungsten-iron-copper-nickel
  • Tungsten-iron-polymer
  • Tungsten-matrix
  • Tungsten-polymer
  • Tungsten-tin-bismuth
  • Tungsten-tin-iron
  • Tungsten-tin-iron-nickel

*Season dates and regulation data provided by

Missouri Licenses, Permits, and Regulations

Missouri hunting licenses, permits, and regulations for resident and non-resident hunters can be purchased on the Missouri Department of Conservation’s (MDC) official website. Click below to view the website.

Hunting GPS Maps

Every Missouri hunter should have hunting GPS maps on hand. Missouri hunting maps are available from onX Hunt. With a paid membership you can access Satellite, Topo, or Hybrid Basemaps, over which you can view hunting area maps, along with BLM, Forest Service, and other public and private property boundaries. You can view trails and roads, and even download maps to the Hunt App for use offline. Click below to get onX Hunt for Missouri.

Wildlife Management Areas

Missouri’s wildlife management areas are mostly depicted by county lines. Although the MDC also manages special Conservation Areas and the Missouri Outdoor Recreational Access Program (MRAP), which are private lands open to the public via walk-in access points. Hunters on MRAP lands are required to know their current position on the property. Click below to view Missouri’s wildlife management areas in more detail through an interactive map.

Hunting Layers

MO Private Lands Preview

MO Private Lands

Over 2,700,000 parcels mapped by the onX team, this layer helps you know who the property owners are in Missouri. Tap any parcel to learn more info about the owner and acreage.

MO Gov Lands Preview

MO Gov Lands

onX has the most accurate public lands maps with over 3,500,000 acres in Missouri to help you plan your next adventure. Tap any public land parcel to learn more.

SUBLAYERS (6) Expand Sublayers
MO GMUs Thumbnail

MO GMUs

Missouri Deer Firearm and Deer Archery Game Management Units. Please hunt responsibly, obey all signage and have a safe legal hunt.

Includes 6 Sublayers

  • Deer (Archery)
  • Deer (Firearms)
  • Deer (Antlerless Portion)
  • Elk
  • Black Bear
  • Fall Turkey (Firearms)
MO Possible Access Preview

MO Possible Access

onX has mapped 150,000 acres of possible access lands in Missouri including timber companies and land conservation groups. Research rules on these private lands before recreating.

MO Recreational Access Program Preview

MO Recreational Access Program

Missouri Recreational Access Program. Please hunt responsibly, obey all signage and have a safe legal hunt.


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