The Tip Top Mine was active in the 1870s. Ore from the mine was milled in the town of Gillette. Ruins of the Burfind Hotel still stand in Gillette; however, the town is on private land and recently the landowner barricaded all entry roads to the townsite. The Indian Fort (a.k.a. Indian Mesa) may have housed as many as 200 Indians at one time. Water and sand from the Agua Fria River provided the ingredients for their pottery. If you find any pottery shards, do not remove them.